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TÜRKİYE`DE DAĞCILIĞIN GELİŞİMİ

Türkiye’de Dağcılık geçtiğimiz yüzyıl içerisinde başlamıştır. İlk olarak Dağcılık aktivitelerini Türklerden ziyade yabancı uyruklu insanlar daha çok bilimsel araştırmalar sebebiyle başlatmışlardır. Bu konuda tarih kayıtlarına geçen ilk dağcılık etkinliği 1829 yılında Alman fizik profesörü Friedrich Parrot tarafından yapılmıştır. Parrot, Ağrı Dağına tırmanmaya başlamış ve bu dağda çeşitli bilimsel araştırmalar yapmıştır. Ancak çalışmaları sürerken 1844 yılında Parrot’un ölümü sebebiyle Alman Devleti yerine iki ismi daha gönderme kararı alır. Dr. Wagner ve Dr. Herman, 1845 yılında bir kez daha Ağrı Dağının zirvesine tırmanan iki bilim adamı olarak kayıtlara geçer.

Türkiye’de ilk Türk dağcılık aktiviteleri ise çok sonraki yıllarda başlamıştır. İlk Türk dağcıları Kayseri’de bulunan Erciyes dağına tırmanarak tarihte ilk adımı atmıştır. Albay Cemil Cahit Toydemir 1942 yılında, yanındaki 7 askeri ile birlikte Erciyes dağına tırmanmıştır ve bu adımla birlikte Türkiye’de ilk yerli dağcılık aktiviteleri başlamıştır. Bu sayede Cemil Cahit Toydemir, Türkiye Dağlarında ilk Dağcılık Sporunu başlatan kişi olarak kabul edilmektedir. Albay Toydemir bu çıkışıyla birlikte zirveye ulaştığında, kendisiyle birlikte o gün zirveye çıkan 7 askerinin de adını metal bir tabakanın içine kağıtlar halinde bırakmıştır. Bu sayede de bu metal sigara tabakası ülkemizdeki ilk “zirve defteri” olarak tarihe geçmiştir.
İlk dağ gezileri ise bundan çok daha önceki tarihlerde, 1925 yılında Bursalı bir Doktor olan Osman Şevki Bey tarafından düzenlenmiştir. Osman bey Bursa’da Keşiş Dağına bir gezi düzenlemiş ve zirvesine doğru tırmanmıştır. Tırmandığı bu dağın adını ise çevresindekilere yaptığı anlatımda Uludağ olarak tanımlamıştır. Bu tanım Atatürk’ün kulağına kadar gitmiştir ve Osman Bey’in hikayesini dinleyip, dağın resmi adının Uludağ olarak değiştirilmesine karar vermiştir. Sonrasında ise Soyadı Kanununun Kabulü ile birlikte Osman Bey’e soyadı olarak Atatürk tarafından Uludağ soyadı verilmiştir.

Ağrı Dağına Yapılan İlk Tırmanış

Tarihte Ağrı Dağına ilk tırmanışlar Büyük Ağrı Dağı ve Küçük Ağrı Dağına olarak ikiye ayrılmaktadır. İlk olarak 1934 tarihinde Küçük Ağrı Dağı zirvesine 9. kolordu askerlerinden 8 kişi tırmanmıştır. Bundan birkaç ay sonra ise Eylül ayında yine 1934 yılı içerisinde Büyük Ağrı Dağına Yüzbaşı Rüştü ve Teğmen Bekir liderliğinde 14 kişilik bir askeri ekip tırmanmıştır. Bu iki tırmanış Ağrı Dağına ülkemizde, Türkler tarafından yapılan ilk tırmanışlardır.

Dağcılık Federasyonu ve Dağcılığın Örgütlenmesi

Bu yıllarda görmüş olduğunuz gibi dağcılık Askeri koldan ve Sivil koldan ilerlemekteydi. Bursa’da Gezi düzenleyen Osman Bey sivil dağcılığı temsil ediyorken Ağrı Dağı tırmanışları ise Askeri dağcılığa örnektir. Sonrasında takip eden yıllarda 1928 yılında “Türk Dağcılık Cemiyeti” adında bir resmi örgüt devlet desteği ile kurulmuştur. 1933 yılında ise “Türk Yürüyüşçülük, Dağcılık ve Kış Sporları Kulübü” adında bir dernek daha kurulmuştur ve faaliyetlerine başlamıştır. Sonrasında bu kulüp adını “Tenis, Eskrim ve Dağcılık” olarak değiştirmiştir.

1936 yılında ise ilk  federasyon olarak açılan “Dağcılık ve Binicilik Federasyonu” kayıtlara geçmiştir. Sonrasında resmi olarak 1939 yılında Dağcılık ve Kış Sporları Federasyonu adını halini almıştır. Uzun bir süre boyunca tüm faaliyetler bu çatı altında yürütülmüştür ve 1966 yılına gelindiğinde İsmet Ülker’in katkılarıyla Türkiye Dağcılık Federasyonu kurulmuştur ve bugün halen faaliyetlerine devam etmektedir. 1967 yılında ise Uluslararası Tırmanış ve Dağcılık Federasyonuna (UIAA) üyeliği yapılmıştır.

Dağcılığa Başlangıç ve Gerekli Ekipmanlar

Dağcılık günümüzde en çok sevilen ve doğal sporlar arasında yer alan alanlardan birisidir. Özellikle de Türkiye gibi dört tarafı dağlar ve engebelerle dolu bir yerde yürüyüş, tırmanma ve dağcılık birçok insanın ilgisini çekmektedir. Geçmişimizden bugüne kadar birçok defa atalarımız da Dağlarda yaşamış ve dağlarla içli dışlı olmuşuzdur. Bu nedenden dolayı insan doğasına en çok uyan bu spor ve özel ilgi alanına başlamak için gerekli ekipmanları sizler için derledik.

Dağlarda yapılacak olan etkinlikler için temel eşyalar bulunmaktadır. Bunlar;

Harita, Pusula, Güneş gözlüğü, güneş kremi, yedek yiyecek, yedek kıyafet, kafa lambası ve el feneri, ilk yardım malzemeleri, ateş yakma malzemeleri, kibrit, kesici alet, bol miktarda su olarak sıralanabilir.
Eğer uzun süreli bir yolculuktan ve konaklamaktan bahsediliyorsa da çantanız daha büyük hale getirerek birkaç eşya daha alınmalıdır.

Sırt çantası ve yağmurluk, Çadır, Uyku tulumu, Bol miktarda yiyecek, Çöp torbası, naylon poşet, gibi eşyalar yer almalıdır. Bunun yanı sıra kişisel bakım eşyaları, diş macunu, diş fırçası, sabun, önemli kıyafetler örneğin çorap gibi şeyler de unutulmamalıdır.

Türkiye`de tırmanış yapılacak en iyi on zirveyi görmek için tıklayın.

162 YORUMLAR

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  5. Peace be unto you. What think ye of Christ? whose Son is He?

    answer from the Bible:
    God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. (1 Timothy 3:16).
    This is the true God, and eternal life. (1 John 5:20)
    Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. (Matthew 1:23)
    For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6)
    And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.
    And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about.(Luke 7:16,17)
    And he that seeth Me seeth Him that sent Me. (John 12:45)
    he that receiveth Me receiveth Him that sent Me. (John 13:20)
    the word which ye hear is not Mine, but the Father’s which sent Me. (John 14:24)

    What to do?
    Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth My word, and believeth on Him that sent Me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. (John 5:24)
    Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?
    Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent. (John 6:28,29)
    And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
    And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. (Acts of the Apostles 16:30,31)
    But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
    And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
    For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother. (Matthew 12:48-50)
    And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
    And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. (John 6:39,40)
    And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
    And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. (John 6:39,40)
    Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you. (Philippians 4:9)

    What’s next?
    And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. (Matthew 24:14)
    He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. (Mark 16:16)

    The Second Coming of Jesus Christ:
    Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. (Acts of the Apostles 1:11)
    The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come… (Acts of the Apostles 2:20)
    And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
    And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. (Matthew 24:30,31)
    For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first… (1 Thessalonians 4:16)
    And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. (Acts of the Apostles 24:15)
    And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
    And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. (Daniel 12:2,3)
    But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.(Daniel 12:13)

    When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:
    And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:
    And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
    Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
    For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
    Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
    Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
    When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee?
    Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
    And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.
    Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
    For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink:
    I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.
    Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?
    Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me.
    And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. (Matthew 25:31-46)
    And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.
    He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. (John 12:47,48)

    For whom it is written:
    Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?
    And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?
    Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
    Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath.
    But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
    The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.(Luke 12:41-46)

    Eyewitness accounts:
    For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. (2 Peter 1:16)
    For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
    And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
    And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
    After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.
    After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. (1 Corinthians 15:3-7)
    Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word… (Luke 1:2)

    The prayer of Jesus Christ:
    I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. (John 17:9)
    I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. (John 17:15)
    Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word… (John 17:20)

    Why is important?
    For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil. (1 Peter 3:12)

    Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown. (Revelation 3:11)

    Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
    And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
    But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name. (John 20:29-31)

    Because [url=https://play.google.com/store/search?q=bible%20new%20testament%20free&c=apps]Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. (Matthew 4:4)[/url]

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